Bhadra Fort: A Historical Marvel in the Heart of Ahmedabad

Bhadra Fort, situated in the heart of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, is a historical monument that stands as a testament to the rich cultural and architectural heritage of India. This majestic fort, also known as Ahmedabad Fort, has witnessed centuries of history, serving as a symbol of power, resilience, and cultural exchange. In this comprehensive exploration, we will delve into the history, architecture, significance, and current state of Bhadra Fort, unraveling the layers of time that have shaped this iconic structure.

  • Location: Court Rd, Bhadra, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, 380001, India
  • Timings: 9:00 am – 5:00 pm
  • Entry Fee: No entry fee
  • Built By: Ahmad Shah I in 1411

Bhadra Fort, Ahmedabad


The history of Bhadra Fort dates back to the 15th century when Ahmed Shah I, the founder of Ahmedabad, decided to establish a new capital for the Gujarat Sultanate. In 1411, the construction of the fort began under the supervision of his architect, Malik Sarang, and the fort was completed in 1413. Originally named ‘Arak Fort,’ it later came to be known as Bhadra Fort.

Over the centuries, Bhadra Fort has undergone numerous transformations and witnessed the rise and fall of different dynasties. The fort played a crucial role during the Mughal era, serving as a residence for Mughal governors and a strategic military outpost. The British East India Company took control of the fort in the early 19th century, marking a new chapter in its history.


Bhadra Fort boasts a unique blend of Islamic and Hindu architectural styles, reflecting the cultural syncretism that characterizes the city of Ahmedabad. The fort is an expansive structure with a perimeter of over 4 kilometers, enclosing various buildings, gates, and open spaces.

The Teen Darwaza (Three Gates), an iconic structure associated with the fort, is a prominent entrance that showcases intricate carvings and ornate designs. The central arch of Teen Darwaza is adorned with detailed artwork, depicting scenes from Hindu mythology and Islamic calligraphy, underscoring the harmonious integration of different artistic traditions.

Another notable structure within the fort is the Bhadra Kali Temple, dedicated to the Hindu goddess Bhadra Kali. This temple stands as a testament to the religious diversity and tolerance that has defined Ahmedabad throughout its history. The temple’s architecture features elaborate carvings and sculptures, exemplifying the skill and craftsmanship of the artisans of that era.


Bhadra Fort holds immense historical and cultural significance for the people of Ahmedabad and beyond. The fort served as the political and administrative center of Gujarat during various periods, witnessing the rule of sultans, Mughals, and the British. It has been a silent spectator to pivotal moments in Indian history, including the struggle for independence.

The fort’s strategic location made it a crucial military outpost, and its walls have seen battles and sieges over the centuries. The Teen Darwaza, in particular, served as a symbol of power and authority, witnessing the grandeur of royal processions and important ceremonies.

Bhadra Fort also encapsulates the spirit of communal harmony that defines Ahmedabad. The coexistence of the Bhadra Kali Temple within the fort complex is a poignant example of the city’s syncretic culture, where different religious communities have lived side by side for centuries.

Current State

In the present day, Bhadra Fort stands as a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI). The fort has undergone restoration efforts to preserve its architectural integrity and historical significance. Visitors to the fort can explore its various structures, including the Bhadra Kali Temple, Teen Darwaza, and the deep wells that once served as water reservoirs.

The fort also serves as a venue for cultural events and festivals, bringing alive the historical ambiance and allowing the public to connect with the rich heritage it represents. Efforts to maintain the fort’s surroundings, including the Bhadra Plaza project, have aimed at enhancing the overall visitor experience and ensuring the fort remains a vibrant cultural hub.

Events at Bhadra Fort

Significant national occasions such as Independence Day and Republic Day are observed and commemorated within the confines of the fort.

How to Reach

The distance to Bhadra Fort can vary depending on your starting point in Ahmedabad. Here are approximate distances from key locations in the city:

From Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport:

  • Distance: Approximately 10 kilometers
  • You can take a taxi or use other local transportation options from the airport to reach Bhadra Fort.

From Ahmedabad Junction (Main Railway Station):

  • Distance: Approximately 5 kilometers
  • Taxis, auto-rickshaws, or local buses are available to take you to Bhadra Fort from the railway station.

From Kalupur Bus Station:

  • Distance: Approximately 5 kilometers
  • You can use local buses, auto-rickshaws, or taxis to reach Bhadra Fort from the bus station.

From Manek Chowk (City Center):

  • Distance: Approximately 2 kilometers
  • Bhadra Fort is relatively closer to the city center, and you can use auto-rickshaws, taxis, or even walk to reach the fort from Manek Chowk.

From Sabarmati Ashram:

  • Distance: Approximately 8 kilometers
  • You can take a taxi or use local transportation to reach Bhadra Fort from Sabarmati Ashram.


Bhadra Fort stands as a living testament to the enduring spirit of Ahmedabad and its rich historical legacy. From its inception in the 15th century to its current role as a symbol of cultural synthesis, the fort has weathered the tides of time. Its architectural grandeur, historical significance, and cultural diversity make it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and tourists alike.

As we continue to appreciate and preserve our heritage, Bhadra Fort remains a beacon, reminding us of the shared history that binds communities and civilizations together. Through its gates and walls, we can glimpse the stories of the past and appreciate the resilience of a structure that has withstood the test of time. Bhadra Fort is not just a monument; it is a living chronicle of India’s rich and diverse history.


1. What is Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Bhadra Fort is a historic fort located in the heart of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. It was built in the 15th century and served as the royal residence for many years.

2. What are the opening hours of Bhadra Fort?
Ans: The fort is generally open to visitors during daylight hours. It’s advisable to check with local authorities or the fort management for the latest opening and closing times.

3. Is there an entry fee for Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Entry fees, if any, can change, and it’s recommended to inquire about the current charges at the time of your visit.

4. What are the main attractions inside Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Bhadra Fort houses several attractions, including the Teen Darwaja (Triple Gateway), the Bhadrakali Temple, and the palace structures. The fort itself is a significant historical site.

5. Are guided tours available at Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Guided tours may be available. It’s recommended to check with local tourism offices or inquire at the fort entrance for information on guided tours.

6. Can photography be done inside Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Photography policies may vary. Check with the fort authorities regarding any restrictions on photography or videography inside the fort premises.

7. How do I reach Bhadra Fort using public transportation?
Ans: You can use local buses, auto-rickshaws, or taxis to reach Bhadra Fort from various parts of Ahmedabad. The fort is centrally located, making it accessible by public transportation.

8. Is there parking available near Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Parking facilities may be available nearby. Visitors are advised to check for parking options and fees when planning their visit.

9. Are there nearby places of interest to visit along with Bhadra Fort?
Ans: Yes, Ahmedabad has several other historical and cultural attractions nearby, such as Jama Masjid, Sidi Saiyyed Mosque, and the Sabarmati Ashram.

10. Is Bhadra Fort wheelchair accessible?
Ans: Accessibility features may vary. It’s recommended to check with the fort management for information on wheelchair access and other facilities for differently-abled visitors.