Gujarat is one of the most prominent states of western India and is quite dear to the heart of passionate travelers. It is a conglomeration of many exciting tourist destinations which will never leave you tired from exploring Gujarat as a state as well as a tourist destination. Before you embark on a tour of the state, you might feel curious about its geography and location.
Here are all the relevant info-
Geography of Gujarat
The latitudinal and longitudinal extents of the state are 20°01′ N and 24°07′ N, and 68°04′ E and 74°04′ E respectively. The geography of state introduces one to myriad landscapes and topographical features. The geography consists in the following elements-
- Natural and Physical features
- National parks
Climatic conditions seem pretty diverse in the state of Gujarat. Winters in Gujarat are mild and dry. Temperatures around the day will be around 83 degree Fahrenheit and around the night will be 53 degree Fahrenheit. Summers in Gujarat are dry and hot. Around the day, temperatures may be as much as 115 degree Fahrenheit while during the night, it could be around 90 degree Fahrenheit. Monsoons are hot and humid with average temperatures ranging between 100 degree Fahrenheit and 80 degree Fahrenheit. Torrential downpours during the monsoons often cause big floods in Gujarat.
The topography of Gujarat may be divided into the following categories.
Saurashtra/ Kathiawar peninsula
Kathiawar peninsula or Saurashtra falls onto the west of the state. The mighty Arabian Sea surrounds the peninsula on its three sides. The central part of the peninsula is a highland consisting of hills like Gir and Girnar. A narrow coastal strip besets the peninsula.
Kachchh peninsula falls between Rann of Kutch and Gulf of Kachchh. The Kachchh peninsula is an isolated land replete with sand dunes, mud flats and sands.
Rann of Kutch
Rann of Kutch falls on the Northeastern parts of Kuchchh peninsula. It is a low lying Marsh land with its soil high in salt content. The land is covered with tall grasses, mud, mud water and sand. During the winter season, the marsh of Kutch becomes dry enough and is encrusted with a thin salty film. The northern portion of Rann is called Greater Rann and eastern portion is referred to as little Rann.
Plain of Gujarat
The eastern region of Gujarat is an alluvium soiled fertile land. Fertile alluvium was washed into this region by rivers like Tapti, Narmada, Mahi, Sabarmati. The plain gradually slopes down towards west as well as southwest directions along the rivers.
The major cities of Gujarat include Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Vadodara, Jamnagar, Junagarh, Surat etc.
The major rivers of Gujarat are Sabarmati, Rukmavati, Purna, Tapi, Damanganga.
The major wildlife reserves of Vansda National Park, Gir National Park, Marine National Park, Blackbuck National Park.
Location of Gujarat
Gujarat is located along the western coastline of our country and is bounded by the mighty Arabian Sea on its three sides. It shares boundary with Pakistan in northwest, Rajasthan in the north as well as northeast, Maharashtra in southeast and Madhya Pradesh in east. The area of the state extends from Kutch in its westernmost end to Daman in Southernmost end.